Website Coding

BackEnd Custom Programming

Back-end Web Development

Most Popular Backend Languages Include:

• HTML. The acronym HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It’s the primary markup language used to write content on the web. Every single web page on the internet has at least some HTML markup included in its source code, and most websites are comprised of many.HTML or .HTM files.

• SQL – Stands for “Structured Query Language,” and can be pronounced as either “sequel” or “S-Q-L.” It is a query language used for accessing and modifying information in a database. Some common SQL commands include “insert,” “update,” and “delete.” The language was first created by IBM in 1975 and was called SEQUEL for “Structured English Query Language.” Since then, it has undergone a number of changes, many coming from Oracle products.

 • Java – Java is a high-level programming language developed by Sun Microsystems. It was originally designed for developing programs for set-top boxes and handheld devices, but later became a popular choice for creating web applications.

• CSS – Stands for “Cascading Style Sheet.” Cascading style sheets are used to format the layout of Web pages. They can be used to define text styles, table sizes, and other aspects of Web pages that previously could only be defined in a page’s HTML. CSS helps Web developers create a uniform look across several pages of a Web site. Instead of defining the style of each table and each block of text within a page’s HTML, commonly used styles need to be defined only once in a CSS document. Once the style is defined in cascading style sheet, it can be used by any page that references the CSS file. Plus, CSS makes it easy to change styles across several pages at once. For example, a Web developer may want to increase the default text size from 10pt to 12pt for fifty pages of a Web site. If the pages all reference the same style sheet, the text size only needs to be changed on the style sheet and all the pages will show the larger text.

• jQuery UI – jQuery is a JavaScript library that allows web developers to add extra functionality to their websites. It is open source and provided for free under the MIT license. In recent years, jQuery has become the most popular JavaScript library used in web development.

• PHP – Stands for “Hypertext Preprocessor.” (It is a recursive acronym, if you can understand what that means.) PHP is an HTML-embedded Web scripting language. This means PHP code can be inserted into the HTML of a Web page. When a PHP page is accessed, the PHP code is read or “parsed” by the server the page resides on. The output from the PHP functions on the page are typically returned as HTML code, which can be read by the browser. Because the PHP code is transformed into HTML before the page is loaded, users cannot view the PHP code on a page. This make PHP pages secure enough to access databases and other secure information.