The backend web development consists of three parts: a server, an application, and a database. When you search and log into a retail eCommerce website to order products, you interact with the frontend of the website. What makes all of that work is the backend development – what you don’t see. Once you’ve entered your information, the application stores it in a database that was created on a server where the site resides.
Back-end developers use an variety of programming languages and frameworks when building server-side software. Framwork selection can be based on the developers working style or a projects specific requirements. Developers may also work with a language within what is called a software stack.
3V backend developers are some of the best in the industry. We develop customized applications that fit what you want to accomplish online with your website.
Popular Backend Languages Include:
• SQL – Stands for “Structured Query Language,” and can be pronounced as either “sequel” or “S-Q-L.” It is a query language used for accessing and modifying information in a database. Some common SQL commands include “insert,” “update,” and “delete.” The language was first created by IBM in 1975 and was called SEQUEL for “Structured English Query Language.” Since then, it has undergone a number of changes, many coming from Oracle products.
• Java – Java is a high-level programming language developed by Sun Microsystems. It was originally designed for developing programs for set-top boxes and handheld devices, but later became a popular choice for creating web applications.
• CSS – Stands for “Cascading Style Sheet.” Cascading style sheets are used to format the layout of Web pages. They can be used to define text styles, table sizes, and other aspects of Web pages that previously could only be defined in a page’s HTML. CSS helps Web developers create a uniform look across several pages of a Web site. Instead of defining the style of each table and each block of text within a page’s HTML, commonly used styles need to be defined only once in a CSS document. Once the style is defined in cascading style sheet, it can be used by any page that references the CSS file. Plus, CSS makes it easy to change styles across several pages at once. For example, a Web developer may want to increase the default text size from 10pt to 12pt for fifty pages of a Web site. If the pages all reference the same style sheet, the text size only needs to be changed on the style sheet and all the pages will show the larger text.
• PHP – Stands for “Hypertext Preprocessor.” (It is a recursive acronym, if you can understand what that means.) PHP is an HTML-embedded Web scripting language. This means PHP code can be inserted into the HTML of a Web page. When a PHP page is accessed, the PHP code is read or “parsed” by the server the page resides on. The output from the PHP functions on the page are typically returned as HTML code, which can be read by the browser. Because the PHP code is transformed into HTML before the page is loaded, users cannot view the PHP code on a page. This make PHP pages secure enough to access databases and other secure information.
• .NET (C#, VB) – C# (pronounced “C Sharp”) is a programming language developed by Microsoft. It was introduced in 2002 with version 1.0 of Microsoft’s .NET Framework. Since then, C# has gone through several revisions, corresponding with each .NET update. Today, it is one of the most popular programming languages for creating Windows programs and web applications. Visual Basic (VB) is a programming language and development environment created by Microsoft. It is an extension of the BASIC programming language that combines BASIC functions and commands with visual controls. Visual Basic provides a graphical user interface GUI that allows the developer to drag and drop objects into the program as well as manually write program code
• Ruby – The Ruby programming language was created by Yukihiro Matsumoto and is named after the birthstone of one his colleagues. Interestingly, the pearl (as in the Perl language) is the June gemstone, while ruby is the July gemstone. This makes the subtle suggestion that Ruby is a step forward from Perl.
• Python – Python is a high-level programming language designed to be easy to read and simple to implement. It is open source, which means it is free to use, even for commercial applications. Python can run on Mac, Windows, and Unix systems and has also been ported to Java and .NET virtual machines.
Python is considered a scripting language, like Ruby or Perl and is often used for creating Web applications and dynamic Web content. It is also supported by a number of 2D and 3D imaging programs, enabling users to create custom plug-ins and extensions with Python. Examples of applications that support a Python API include GIMP, Inkscape, Blender, and Autodesk Maya.
• Actionscript (Flash Media Server) – ActionScript is an object-oriented programming (OOP) language that is designed specifically for Web site animation. Originally released with Macromedia Flash 4 and enhanced for Flash 5, ActionScript is a sophisticated version of the script language introduced in Flash 3.